Ein junger Mann schaut auf ein auf eine Fahne aufgedrucktes Porträt des türk Präsidenten ErdoganViele der entlassenen und verhafteten Richter und Staatsanwälte sind bei ihren deutschen Kollegen bekannt: Kaum vorstellbar, dass sie alle der Gülen-Bewegung angehören.

Der Deutsche Richterbund, die größte Vereinigung von Richtern und Staatsanwälten hierzulande, hat einen Brief an die Bundeskanzlerin geschrieben: Viele der entlassenen und verhafteten Kollegen seien bei deutschen Richtern bekannt. Es stünde außer Zweifel, dass gerade die Mitglieder der türkischen Richtervereinigung mit dem Namen „Yarsav“  integer seien und sich für den Rechtsstaat engagieren. Yarsav und ihren Mitgliedern Sympathien für die Putschisten oder die Gülen-Bewegung vorzuwerfen, sei nicht nachzuvollziehen.

Richterbund: Türkische Kollegen von „Yarsav“ keine Gülen-Leute

Auch Richter Thomas Guddat kennt  Yarsav. Guddat ist Mitglied einer kleineren deutschen Richterorganisation, der Neuen Richtervereinigung, und berichtet in seinem Dresdner Arbeitszimmer, dass er über internationale Kontakte immer wieder mit türkischen Kollegen von Yarsav zusammen gekommen ist:

„Uns liegen nach dem Putschversuch sehr besorgniserregende Informationen vor. Yarsav-Mitglieder wurden suspendiert und verhaftet. Wir konnten auf Youtube sogar ein Video ansehen, welches einen uns persönlich bekannten türkischen Richterkollegen zeigt, wie er die Hände auf dem Rücken mit Handschellen gefesselt von zwei Polizisten abgeführt wurde.“

Le MondePar Robert Badinter, Virginie Duval, Clarisse Taron, Christophe Régnard et Simone Gaboriau.

Qu’on ne s’y trompe pas : la purge de l’institution judiciaire, de la fonction publique et des médias par le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan n’est pas une réponse à la tentative de coup d’Etat. Il ne s’agit pas de sauvegarder l’Etat de droit, comme on a pu le dire au lendemain du 15 juillet 2016. La lame de fond autoritaire qui sape les fondements des institutions depuis 2013 traduit la volonté du président turc de museler toute opposition. Les récentes révocations en cascade et les arrestations arbitraires s’inscrivent dans la dynamique de neutralisation des contre-pouvoirs à l’œuvre depuis plusieurs années.

Platform for an Independent Judiciary in TurkeyThe extraordinary situation of violation of the independence of the judiciary in Turkey has induced all four European Associations of Judges to join together in their activities:

• The Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ),
• The European Association of Judges (EAJ),
•  Judges for Judges and
•  “Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés” (MEDEL)

Statement by the Union of Judges of the Czech Republic on the removal of judges in TurkeyThe independence of the judiciary is one of the fundamental values of a democratic state and one constituent element of this is the possibility of removing a judge only for the reasons laid down by law within a due process. A state which consciously casts doubt on or infringes the independence of the judiciary deviates from the principles of democracy.

The immediate removal of almost 3,000 judges in Turkey and the imprisonment of some raises fundamental doubts as to adherence to the principle of the independence of the judiciary embedded in UN General Assembly Resolution 90/32 of 29 November 1985 and 40/146 of 13 December 1985, in Council of Europe Recommendation 7/1981, 86/1984, 12/1996 and others, in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as amended by Protocols Nos 3, 5, 8 (Article 6(1)) and in the International Pact on Civil and Political Rights (Article 14).

A.D.M.I.A.D.M.I. Associazione Donne Magistrato Italiane esprime dolore per l’inaccettabile situazione in atto in Turchia ove, in una sola notte, sono stati sospesi ‘senza processo’ n.2749 magistrati, un numero che è pari ad un quarto della magistratura turca e molti dei quali anche incarcerati, come peraltro avvenuto anche per tanti avvocati, docenti e funzionari statali.

La situazione con il passare dei giorni non sembra mutare, nonostante il susseguirsi di appelli da tutta Europa e dal mondo, al contrario si susseguono notizie sempre più gravi, tra cui quella della confisca dei beni dei magistrati sospesi e dell'imbavagliamento della stampa, tanto che la Turchia appare oggi ben lontana dai valori di civiltà giuridica europea. La situazione in atto, infatti, è incompatibile con le regole dello Stato di diritto e delle libertà fondamentali e lo è pur la Turchia facendo parte del Consiglio d'Europa ed avendo -tra le altre- sottoscritto la Convenzione dei Diritti dell'Uomo, di cui costituisce certo grave violazione l’avvenuta lesione della indipendenza ed autonomia dei giudici.

Network of the Presidents of the Supreme Judicial Courts of the European UnionThe Network of the Presidents is deeply concerned arising from reports of the recent removal from office of over 2,700 members of the Judiciary and prosecutors in Turkey, and of orders for the arrest of many Judges and Prosecutors.

Immediately following the attempted coup the Turkish Republic has suspended, dismissed and/or arrested thousands of people, including many Judges. Among those are judges of the Council of State and the Court of Cassation of Turkey. The number of citizens involved, and the announcement by the President of the Republic of Turkey of the possible restoration of the death penalty, also raise serious concerns.

Der BundesgerichtshofDas Netzwerk der Präsidentinnen und Präsidenten der Obersten Gerichtshöfe der Europäischen Union, dem auch die Präsidentin des Bundesgerichtshofs angehört, hat heute eine Stellungnahme zur Situation in der Türkei abgegeben, in der es seine tiefe Besorgnis über die dortigen Geschehnisse zum Ausdruck bringt.

Das Netzwerk sieht die aktuellen Ereignisse, insbesondere die Entlassung und Verhaftung Tausender Richter, als Angriff auf die Unabhängigkeit der Justiz und Bedrohung für den Rechtsstaat in einem Mitgliedsland des Europarates. Es ruft auf zur Beachtung der Rechtsstaatlichkeit und der Menschenrechte und fordert auf zur Anwendung bestehender Monitoring-Instrumente zur Wahrung der Menschenrechte sowohl auf der Ebene des Europarates als auch der Vereinten Nationen.

Joint declaration of the judges' and prosecutors' associations of SerbiaIt is with great concern that Judges’ Association of Serbia and Association of Public Prosecutors and Deputy Public Prosecutors of Serbia follow the situation of their Turkish colleagues, judges and public prosecutors, after the attempted military coup in Turkey.

The Turkish judiciary has, in recent years, faced numerous challenges, as international professional associations MEDEL and IAJ/EAJ, as well as Consultative Council of European Judges, warned in their numerous addresses to the European institutions, though, unfortunately, in vain. Judges and public prosecutors in Turkey, who performed their functions conscientiously and equally towards everyone, endured  pressures  and  threats, were exposed against their will to transfers  (9.000 of them, out of the total of 15.000 in Turkey, during the period of less than two years, were reallocated) to locations several thousands of kilometres away, were also subjected to unjustifiable dismissals  and,  since 2014, even to arrests.

Commisioner for Human Rights Nils MuižnieksIt is with profound concern that I examined the first decree with the force of law (“Kanun Hükmünde Kararname”, KHK/667) adopted within the framework of the state of emergency declared in Turkey last week.

I note that Turkey has submitted a formal notice of derogation to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) as foreseen under Article 15 of the Convention. As I expressed in a statement last week, I have no sympathy for the coup plotters. I think that those who actively plotted to overthrow democracy must be punished. I am also not putting into question Turkey’s right to declare a state of emergency, nor to derogate from the ECHR. But I must stress that, as recalled by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, such derogations are not limitless: the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) remains the ultimate authority to determine whether measures taken during the state of emergency are in conformity with the ECHR. One of the criteria used by the Court in this context is whether the measures derogating from the ECHR are taken only to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation.

Le communiqué des organisations françaises de magistrats et d'avocatsArticle 6 de la Convention Européenne des Droits de l'Homme : «Toute personne a droit à ce que sa cause soit entendue équitablement, publiquement et dans un délai raisonnable, par un tribunal indépendant et impartial (...)». Article 16 de la Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen : « Toute Société dans laquelle la garantie des Droits n'est pas assurée, ni la séparation des Pouvoirs déterminée, n'a point de Constitution».

2 745 juges et procureurs turcs ont été démis de leurs fonctions par le Haut Conseil des Juges et Procureurs (HCJP) le lendemain même de la tentative de coup d’État du 15 juillet 2016. Nombre d'entre eux ont été emprisonnés de manière arbitraire avec leur famille. Aucune explication ne leur a été fournie sur les raisons de cette éviction et aucun droit de se défendre ne leur a même été reconnu.

IALANAIn February 2016 the Turkish Constitutional Court revoked the pre-trial imprisonment imposed upon two journalists who had uncovered support provided by Turkish au- thorities to militant Islamists in Syria. In response, the Turkish President Erdogan threatened the judges: "I don't need to accept [this decision], I want to make thatclear. I don't obey or respect the decision.”i Deeds have now followed these words. The pretext came in the form of the failed coup attempt by parts of the Turkish military in the night from July 15 to July 16, 2016. Since that night, the executive has re- moved almost 3000 judges and state prosecutors from office, with the majority of them also detained. It seems apparent that lists of targets had already been drawn up before the event. The suspensions and repression have been extended to include thousands of journalists, teachers, professors, lawyers and employees in various ed- ucational establishments. Newspapers and radio/TV broadcasters have been shut down or brought into line. Invoking the Turkish constitution and Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the Turkish government has declared a “state of emergency” in order to free itself from further bothersome constitutional limitations.

IAWJThe International Association of Women Judges (www.iawj.org), representing judges from countries around the world, is committed to judicial independence and impartiality as essential to the Rule of Law. The wholesale termination of judges, with an apparent lack of individualized due process, is a threat to those principles. We urge the Turkish authorities to conform their actions to the dictates of the national Constitution and laws, consistent with international principles of human rights, the United Nations Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary and the Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct.

In accordance with these principles, any suspension or removal of a Judge from office should be only for reasons of incapacity or behavior that renders that judge unfit to discharge his or her duties in accordance with established standards of judicial conduct.  Any decisions in disciplinary, suspension or removal proceedings should normally be subject to independent review.

MEDELDear Sir or Madam, MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés), an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend  the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights, currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Turkey, and as an observer member of the CCPE, hereby states the following:

The European Network of Councils for the Judiciary (ENCJ) expressed its grave concerns by the reports that over 2700 judges and prosecutors had been suspended and/or dismissed by the High Council for Judges and Prosecutors only hours after the coupd’etatin Turkey had happened. ENCJ also declared that would follow the developments in Turkey and stay in close contact with the relevant European and international authorities.

Turkey military coup (Source amnesty.org Photo: Getty Images)Amnesty International has gathered credible evidence that detainees in Turkey are being subjected to beatings and torture, including rape, in official and unofficial detention centres in the country.
The organization is calling for independent monitors to be given immediate access to detainees in all facilities in the wake of the coup attempt, which include police headquarters, sports centres and courthouses. More than 10,000 people have been detained since the failed coup.

Amnesty International has credible reports that Turkish police in Ankara and Istanbul are holding detainees in stress positions for up to 48 hours, denying them food, water and medical treatment, and verbally abusing and threatening them. In the worst cases some have been subjected to severe beatings and torture, including rape.

Superior Judicial Council of RomaniaPoziţia domnului judecător Mircea Aron, preşedinte al Consiliului Superior al Magistraturii  referitoare la informaţiile vehiculate în spaţiul public privind situaţia judecătorilor şi procurorilor din Turcia

Urmare  a informaţiilor publice vehiculate în spaţiul internaţional de către agenţiile de presă şi diverse organisme şi organizaţii internaţionale, privitoare la acţiunile întreprinse de către autorităţile turce în legătură cu un număr îngrijorător de magistraţi turci, ulterior recentelor evenimente petrecute în Turcia, declarate de  autorităţile Statului Turc ca fiind o tentativă de lovitură de stat

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