IAWJThe International Association of Women Judges (www.iawj.org), representing judges from countries around the world, is committed to judicial independence and impartiality as essential to the Rule of Law. The wholesale termination of judges, with an apparent lack of individualized due process, is a threat to those principles. We urge the Turkish authorities to conform their actions to the dictates of the national Constitution and laws, consistent with international principles of human rights, the United Nations Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary and the Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct.

In accordance with these principles, any suspension or removal of a Judge from office should be only for reasons of incapacity or behavior that renders that judge unfit to discharge his or her duties in accordance with established standards of judicial conduct.  Any decisions in disciplinary, suspension or removal proceedings should normally be subject to independent review.

MEDELDear Sir or Madam, MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés), an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend  the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights, currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Turkey, and as an observer member of the CCPE, hereby states the following:

The European Network of Councils for the Judiciary (ENCJ) expressed its grave concerns by the reports that over 2700 judges and prosecutors had been suspended and/or dismissed by the High Council for Judges and Prosecutors only hours after the coupd’etatin Turkey had happened. ENCJ also declared that would follow the developments in Turkey and stay in close contact with the relevant European and international authorities.

Turkey military coup (Source amnesty.org Photo: Getty Images)Amnesty International has gathered credible evidence that detainees in Turkey are being subjected to beatings and torture, including rape, in official and unofficial detention centres in the country.
The organization is calling for independent monitors to be given immediate access to detainees in all facilities in the wake of the coup attempt, which include police headquarters, sports centres and courthouses. More than 10,000 people have been detained since the failed coup.

Amnesty International has credible reports that Turkish police in Ankara and Istanbul are holding detainees in stress positions for up to 48 hours, denying them food, water and medical treatment, and verbally abusing and threatening them. In the worst cases some have been subjected to severe beatings and torture, including rape.

Superior Judicial Council of RomaniaPoziţia domnului judecător Mircea Aron, preşedinte al Consiliului Superior al Magistraturii  referitoare la informaţiile vehiculate în spaţiul public privind situaţia judecătorilor şi procurorilor din Turcia

Urmare  a informaţiilor publice vehiculate în spaţiul internaţional de către agenţiile de presă şi diverse organisme şi organizaţii internaţionale, privitoare la acţiunile întreprinse de către autorităţile turce în legătură cu un număr îngrijorător de magistraţi turci, ulterior recentelor evenimente petrecute în Turcia, declarate de  autorităţile Statului Turc ca fiind o tentativă de lovitură de stat

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The European Criminal Bar Association (ECBA)The ECBA, whose objects under its constitution include promoting “(...) the administration of justice and human rights under the rule of law within the member states of the Council of Europe and among the peoples of the world” is alarmed by reports that following an attempted coup d’état Turkey is considering the restoration of the death penalty in order to execute the ringleaders of the coup if not others as well.

Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe and a signatory of the European Convention on Human Rights. Consequently Turkey is bound by Protocols 6 and 13 of the E CHR which abolish the death penalty. Any law adopted by the Turkish Parliament to restore the death penalty would automatically infringe these Protocols and in this regard no derogation under Article 15 of the Convention would be available.

MEDELDear President Nils Engstad, We are writing you to call an extraordinary meeting as soon as possible to discuss the suppression of the independence of the judiciary in Turkey, after thousands of judges and prosecutors have been deposed from the bench in the middle of the night and detained without a due process and in clear violation of the basic rule of law principles.

Turkey is a member of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) and committed itself to respect the recommendation Rec(2010)12 on judges, related to their independence. The representative of Turkey to CCJE must provide answers to the Council about the recent developments in country, where a quarter of the magistrates have been purged as a result of a cleansing operation conducted by the Turkish government.

MEDELDear President Cédric VISART DE BOCARME, We are writing you to call an extraordinary meeting as soon as possible to discuss the suppression of the independence of the judiciary in Turkey, after thousands of judges and prosecutors have been deposed from the bench in the middle of the night and detained without a due process and in clear violation of the basic rule of law principles.

Turkey is a member of the Consultative Council of  European Prosecutors (CCPE) and committed itself to respect the recommendation Rec(2000)19, on the role of public prosecution in the criminal justice system. The representative of Turkey to CCPE must provide answers to the Council about the recent developments in country, where a quarter of the magistrates have been purged as a result of a cleansing operation conducted by the Turkish government.

Turkey coup Photo: Shutterstock (Source: coe.int)In my capacity as President of the Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe, I am concerned about the situation of civil society in Turkey.  Following the failed coup attempt, condemned by the Council of Europe, and the declared state of emergency, the Turkish government has now announced its intention to temporarily suspend parts of the European Convention on Human Rights.

If, according to the statement of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the state of emergency aims to strengthen democracy, rule of law and fundamental freedoms[1], Turkey must continue to guarantee the rights enshrined in those articles of which can be no derogation, notably the right to life and the prohibition of torture. 

Polish Judges Association "IUSTITIA"Polish Judges Association "IUSTITIA" with a great concern notes the information coming from Turkey about dismissal more than 2,000 judges and prosecutors and detention a few hundreds of them. These actions raise serious concern about further democratic order in Turkey. There is no indication as to have a real connection with a failed coup.

Changes in the law, adopted in the months, prior to these events weakened the independence of the judiciary and the independence of the Turkish judges .Detention those among them who were protesting against the changes raises serious suspicions about the political background of the current action.

Supreme Judicial Council of BulgariaВисшият съдебен съвет на Република България изразява своята загриженост за спазване правата на над 2 700 турски съдии и прокурори, които по публични данни са били отстранени от работа, освободени от длъжност или арестувани непосредствено след неуспешния опит за преврат в Република Турция.

Като организация, членуваща в Европейската мрежа на съдебните съвети, споделяме изразения призив както от ЕМСС, така и от други международни съдийски организации, че търсенето на отговорност от лицата, които стоят зад опита за преврат в Република Турция, не трябва да нарушава върховенството на закона и принципите, гарантиращи независимостта на съдиите и прокурорите и правото на справедлив процес спрямо тях.

CCPEThe Bureau of the Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE) has closely followed the dramatic events that occurred in Turkey recently.

A democratically elected authority cannot be reversed by a military coup.  It has been reported, however, that following these events, hundreds of prosecutors were immediately imprisoned. This massive purge of prosecutors is far from the expected democratic attitude of a member state of the Council of Europe.

Proceedings against individuals, including prosecutors, who are suspected of involvement in the attempted coup, must comply strictly with the rule of law, always be respectful of individual fundamental rights in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights and strictly accord with all relevant legal procedures affecting them.

Movimento do Ministério Público DemocráticoThe Movement of the Ministery Public Democratic (MPD), national entity without corporate character and economic purposes, composed of public prosecutors from all over Brazil come express their deepest concern and astonishment at the incident that occurred in Turkey, apparently which violate democratic principles and independence more than 2,700 members of the Public Ministry and the Judiciary in that country.

News that thousands of judges and public prosecutors were authoritatively and without due process suspended from their duties and many of them illegally arrested a few hours after serious events that took place there with the notable loss of many human lives.

MEDELDear Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg,

We are writing you on behalf of multiple organizations of judges and prosecutors from across Europe urging you to demand Turkey to respect the NATO treaty and agreements, and to free the judges and prosecutors who were arrested without due process and in violation of the basic rule of law principles.
 
The Turkish Ambassador to Romania, Osman Koray Ertaş, revealed in an interview that the fault of these magistrates, who were deposed from the bench in the middle of the night and detained, is that they allegedly shared a belief that is not accepted by the government.

Le  Conseil  supérieur  de  la  magistrature  français Le Conseil supérieur de la magistrature français exprime sa vive inquiétude sur la situation en Turquie et le respect de l’État de droit, notamment à l’égard des magistrats.

Le nombre de magistrats suspendus, voire incarcérés, au cours des derniers jours, en dehors de toute procédure conforme aux standards européens et internationaux est particulièrement alarmant.

ItalySulla persecuzione di avvocati, docenti e magistrati in Turchia - Un documento di giuristi alle istituzioni europee ed italiane

Dopo i giornalisti, i docenti universitari e gli avvocati, il governo turco umilia ed imprigiona prima i magistrati, poi i funzionari pubblici e i poliziotti, con l’effetto di annichilire la coscienza critica del Paese.

Liste di proscrizione - evidentemente già pronte da tempo - vengono usate per rimozioni ed arresti di massa, nel disprezzo delle regole minime dello stato di diritto, della dignità delle persone e dei diritti fondamentali al cui rispetto la Turchia e' obbligata in forza della sua appartenenza al Consiglio d'Europa, della Convenzione Europea per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo, di cui quel Paese fu tra i primi firmatari, e della sua stessa Costituzione.

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