MEDELMEDEL (Magistrats européens pour la démocratie et les libertés) wishes to express its deep concern on the Bill amending and supplementing the Judiciary Act passed at first hearing by the Bulgarian Parliament.

In its letter dated 25 July 2016 to the Speaker of Bulgarian Parliament, MEDEL stated the reasons against the introduction of the requirement for magistrates (judges and prosecutors) to declare their membership to professional organisations. Such requirement unreasonably limits their right to free association as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

MEDELMEDEL has been following with an increasing concern the development of the situation in Poland. Only on 1st July 2017, the General Assembly of MEDEL adopted a communiqué on the Constitutional Court in Poland, calling the EU institutions to continue the dialogue with Polish authorities in order to restore the Rule of Law. Since then, the governing majority in Poland has taken further steps to weaken the judicial independence which will deeply undermine the fundaments of the democratic rule of law state.

On 12th July 2017, Sejm – the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament - adopted the laws amending the Law on the National Judicial Council and the Law on Common Courts. They were already confirmed by the higher chamber of the Parliament (Senat), acting in hasty proceedings, without proper debate and consideration, and now both laws are waiting for the signature of the President of the state. The Law on the National Judicial Council provides inter alia the expiry of the term of office of its judicial members and the election of the new ones not by their peers, but by politicians.

JusticeDeclaration of all the former Presidents of the Constitutional Court of Poland on the recent laws put forward by the government, that undermine the Rule of Law.

MEDELFor decades Constitutional Courts in Europe played a significant role in the preservation of the Rule of law, the protection of the individual’s fundamental rights and the strengthening of democracy. Nowadays, although the position of Constitutional Courts seems to be solid in most of European countries, it is MEDEL obligation to further underline their importance, especially in times of economical and immigrant crises, and to recommend to even strengthen their role, when simple and dangerous solutions proposed by populists all over the continent may attract many Europeans.

MEDELDans un monde inquiet, garantir les droits est plus que jamais nécessaire au coeur des sociétés qui perdent leurs repères(1).

INDEPENDANCE: Acteur clef de l’Etat de droit démocratique, elle est, selon des degrés divers, atteinte dans l’ensemble des pays; cela va de l’insuffisance des garanties statutaires à une totale ingérence du pouvoir exécutif voire à une détérioration. Les Conseils de justice -présents dans l’immense majorité des pays- doivent garantir l’indépendance de la justice et promouvoir un fonctionnement de celle-ci au service de tous ; leur composition doit garantir leur indépendance et respecter le pluralisme du système judiciaire.

MEDELDeclaration of MEDEL on the governmental Draft of the Law Amending the Law on the National Judicial Council and Other Relevant Laws (UD73)

MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés) is an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights. It currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Poland, and is an observer member of the Consultative Council of European Prosecutors of the Council of Europe (CCPE) and the Consultative Council of European Judges of the Council of Europe (CCJE).

MEDELTo Her Excellency, The President of the National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria Ms. TSETSKA TSACHEVA DANGOVSKA.

Your Excellency, MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés), an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights, currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Bulgaria, and is an observer member of the CCPE and the CCJE (within the Council of Europe).
It has come to our knowledge that the Bulgarian National Assembly is discussing amendments to the Judiciary System Act, and that included in those amendments is a proposal by the Parliamentary legislative committee that demands judges and prosecutors to declare before the Supreme Judicial Council their membership in professional organizations. According to the same proposals, the Supreme Judicial Council would maintain a registry containing these declarations.

 Pologne: la grogne des jugesNouveau coup de canif à la démocratie en Pologne... Les dérives autoritaires du gouvernement sont à nouveau pointées du doigt. Le commissaire aux droits de l'Homme du Conseil de l'Europe fait part de son inquiétude au lendemain de l'adoption d'une loi sur le Tribunal constitutionnel par le Parlement polonais : une "grave menace pour l'Etat de droit" selon Nils Muiz-Nieks.

La crise autour de cette réforme figurait d'ailleurs à l'ordre du jour de la rencontre entre Barack Obama et son homologue polonais, en marge du sommet de l'OTAN.

EUMarking the anniversary of Giovanni Falcone’s assassination by the Mafia in 1992, MEDEL pronounced the 23rd of May as the alert day for the independence of justice in Europe. On this date, we are invited to reflect on the need for an independent and effective justice all over Europe and its importance for the safeguard of European citizens’ fundamental rights and freedoms.

In the last decade, many threats came to light, leading to a growing mistrust of citizens towards the European integration project: the economic and financial crisis; the threat of terrorism; the migration phenomenon. All of these threats, and the responses given by European institutions and national governments, while putting in danger the integration effort, have nonetheless underlined the essentiality of an independent judiciary that all over Europe must be able to protect the basic freedoms and rights of all citizens.

MEDELMEDEL's opinion on the construction of a international investment court for TTIP – proposal of the European Commission from 16.09.2015 and 12.11.2015

“Remove justice and what are kingdoms but gangs of criminals on a large scale? What are criminal gangs but petty kingdoms?” - Augustine of Hippo, De Civitas Dei

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