JusticeDeclaration of all the former Presidents of the Constitutional Court of Poland on the recent laws put forward by the government, that undermine the Rule of Law.

Déclaration des anciens Présidents de la Cour constitutionnelle de Pologne

Il n’y a point d’État de droit sans administration indépendante de la justice. Les projets de lois sur le fonctionnement des tribunaux ordinaires, du Conseil national de la magistrature et de la Cour suprême, qui modifient de facto la Constitution, conduiront à abolir l’indépendance et l’autonomie des juridictions polonaises par rapport aux autorités politiques.

L’adoption de ces lois, qui instaurent une influence décisive et non soumise à contrôle d’un ou deux responsables politiques sur la nomination des présidents de tribunaux, sur la composition du Conseil national de la magistrature et sur la dissolution de la Cour suprême actuelle ainsi que la création d’une « nouvelle » Cour suprême – l’autorité judiciaire la plus importante de notre État – rend non seulement impossible tout contrôle de la légalité des actes émanant des autres autorités, mais encore annihile la protection des droits et libertés des citoyens.

MEDELFor decades Constitutional Courts in Europe played a significant role in the preservation of the Rule of law, the protection of the individual’s fundamental rights and the strengthening of democracy. Nowadays, although the position of Constitutional Courts seems to be solid in most of European countries, it is MEDEL obligation to further underline their importance, especially in times of economical and immigrant crises, and to recommend to even strengthen their role, when simple and dangerous solutions proposed by populists all over the continent may attract many Europeans.

International Conference: Constitutional Courts: Between the Political and the JuridicalProgram of the conference organized by MEDEL, ASJP and UCP. June 30th 2017, Universidade Católica Portuguesa - Porto, Carvalho Guerra Auditorium

MEDEL

Dans un monde inquiet, garantir les droits est plus que jamais nécessaire au coeur des sociétés qui perdent leurs repères(1).

INDEPENDANCE: Acteur clef de l’Etat de droit démocratique, elle est, selon des degrés divers, atteinte dans l’ensemble des pays; cela va de l’insuffisance des garanties statutaires à une totale ingérence du pouvoir exécutif voire à une détérioration. Les Conseils de justice -présents dans l’immense majorité des pays- doivent garantir l’indépendance de la justice et promouvoir un fonctionnement de celle-ci au service de tous ; leur composition doit garantir leur indépendance et respecter le pluralisme du système judiciaire.

EUThis 25th of March 2017 we celebrate the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome, which marks the beginning of the process of European integration that led to the creation of the European Union.

What began as a project of peace building through economic integration quickly evolved to be the most ambitious process of peaceful social, political and juridical harmonisation of sovereign nations ever to be found in modern history.

MEDEL – MagistratsEuropéens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés, founded in 1985, has since the beginning inscribed within in its goals “the establishment of a common debate among magistrates from different Countries to support European community integration, in view of the creation of a European political union”.

MEDELAdding to the "Declaration of Paris"
(Conseil d'Administration MEDEL, Paris, 22.10.2016).

Every day, as helpless onlookers, we see the terrible images of people dying at sea or on the frontiers of our countries. All of us have tales of emigration in our family trees, and all human beings are a result of the will, or the need, to change our location, our nation, or our continent. The history of mankind is nothing less than the history of migration.

MEDELDeclaration of MEDEL on the governmental Draft of the Law Amending the Law on the National Judicial Council and Other Relevant Laws (UD73)

MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés) is an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights. It currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Poland, and is an observer member of the Consultative Council of European Prosecutors of the Council of Europe (CCPE) and the Consultative Council of European Judges of the Council of Europe (CCJE).

MEDELThe Italian lawyer Barbara Spinelli was stopped on the frontier, in Istanbul airport, while she was travelling to Ankara to participate, as a speaker, to the International Conference “The judicial system under the state of emergency in Turkey”, organised by the European Association of Lawyers for Democracy and World Human Rights.

MEDELLes représentants des organisations membres de Medel,

Se référant :

  • à la Déclaration universelle des droits de l'homme, adoptée à Paris le 10 décembre 1948 ;
  • à la Convention du 28 juillet 1951, relative au statut des réfugiés, que tous les Pays européens ont signé et ratifié ;
  • à la Convention européenne pour la sauvegarde des droits de l’Homme et des libertés fondamentales et à ses Protocoles ;
  • à la Charte des droits des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne ;
  • à la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme e de la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne, qui ont tracé un cadre précis des obligations des Etats vis-à-vis des réfugiés et des demandeurs d’asile, notamment quand il s’agit des mineurs non accompagnés

MEDELTo Her Excellency, The President of the National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria Ms. TSETSKA TSACHEVA DANGOVSKA.

Your Excellency, MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés), an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights, currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Bulgaria, and is an observer member of the CCPE and the CCJE (within the Council of Europe).
It has come to our knowledge that the Bulgarian National Assembly is discussing amendments to the Judiciary System Act, and that included in those amendments is a proposal by the Parliamentary legislative committee that demands judges and prosecutors to declare before the Supreme Judicial Council their membership in professional organizations. According to the same proposals, the Supreme Judicial Council would maintain a registry containing these declarations.

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