Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ) European Association of Judges (EAJ), Judges for Judges, Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés (MEDEL)

The assessment of the status of the justice system in Turkey clearly proves that the independence of the judiciary is abolished.

The Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey refers to its previous declarations and to the attached summary on the developments and their results.

It is urgent to return to the rule of law and to bring back to the Turkish people the fundamental rights of which they had been deprived.

MEDELLe glas de la démocratie ne cesse de sonner en Turquie et le référendum constitutionnel tendant à donner les pleins pouvoirs à Recep Tayyip Edogan le fera résonner une nouvelle fois.

La fin de l’état de droit démocratique en TURQUIE

Tout se passe dans un contexte de répression arbitraire allant crescendo depuis le coup d’état raté du 15 juillet pour atteindre une ampleur considérable : près de 45 000 personnes ont été arrêtées (dont 3800 magistrats, 300 avocats, 140 journalistes, des élus, notamment 12 députés, des universitaires...), plus de 150 000 ont été limogées dont un quart des magistrats en poste à la mi-juillet. Ces chiffres -pouvant varier selon les sources mais restant toujours dans le même ordre de grandeur- traduisent une volonté de faire régner la peur bien au-delà de la sphère « complotiste ».

MEDELAfter prosecutor SeyfettinYigit who allegedly committed suicide and died in prison, another Turkish Judge passed away after being purged.

We mourn for our colleague Mehmet Tosun (29) who passed away on March 6th 2017.

Like many other judges, he was dismissed and detained under severe conditions after the attempted coup with no evidence and solid reason. Although he spent his last months at hospital due to his heavy health problems, he was deprived of even his assets and personal savings, access to his personal bank accounts which were crucial for his medical treatment which obviously costed enormous amount of money for a dismissed person with no social security.

MEDELThe Italian lawyer Barbara Spinelli was stopped on the frontier, in Istanbul airport, while she was travelling to Ankara to participate, as a speaker, to the International Conference “The judicial system under the state of emergency in Turkey”, organised by the European Association of Lawyers for Democracy and World Human Rights.

Venice CommissionTurkey - Opinion on Emergency Decree Laws N°s667-676 adopted following the failed coup of 15 July 2016, adopted by the Venice Commission at its 109th Plenary Session, 9-10 December 2016.

ENCJThe ENCJ unites the national institutions in the Member States of the European Union which are independent of the executive and legislature, and which are responsible for the support of the Judiciaries in the independent delivery of justice. It aims to improve cooperation between, and good mutual understanding amongst, the Councils for the Judiciary and the members of the Judiciary of the European Union (or candidate) Member States.

 MD -  XXI CongressoLa notte della democrazia in Turchia si è manifestata ulteriormente ieri con l’arresto di un nutrito gruppo di parlamentari di opposizione, di quel partito che aveva impedito all’attuale governo di ottenere la maggioranza assoluta prima della ripetizione delle elezioni, che rappresenta oltre il 10% degli elettori e che esprime agli occhi degli osservatori internazionali la ricerca di una soluzione pacifica alla questione curda e di una visione progressista della società turca.

La valanga che ha travolto lo Stato di diritto in Turchia dopo il tentativo di colpo di Stato del luglio scorso ha determinato l’arresto e la destituzione di migliaia di giudici e pubblici ministeri (circa un terzo dell’intera magistratura), insieme ad avvocati, giornalisti, professori, appartenenti alle forze di polizia, funzionari pubblici, tutti qualificati come terroristi o fiancheggiatori del terrorismo.

Manifestazione Avvocati TurchiQuesta notte in Turchia si è avverato quanto si temeva da tempo, ossia da quando, senza alcuna conseguenza-critica sul piano internazionale, la maggioranza fedele ad Erdogan aveva eliminato l'immunità  parlamentare:: sono stati arrestati o sono ancora ricercati i parlamentari eletti nelle liste dell'HDP, cinquantanove. E' in stato di arresto Demirtas, ed altri 12 parlamentari dell'HDP, una forza politica che ha raggiunto 6 milioni di voti e superato per due volte lo sbarramento del 10% così impedendo la trasformazione in senso presidenziale ed autoritario della Costituzione turca.

Un colpo di stato che riafferma con chiarezza la natura del regime totalitario di Erdogan.

The Istanbul Security Directorate in Vatan Street where some of the cases of police torture and ill-treatment documented by Human Rights Watch took place.  © 2016 Human Rights Watch Summary:

"Because of the state of emergency, nobody will care if I kill you. I will just say I shot you while you tried to run away" - Police officer to a detainee, overheard by family members of another detainee.

"You won’t make it out of here alive. We now have 30 days" - Police officer referencing the extended period of police detention to a detainee while threatening to rape him with a baton, as told to the detainee’s lawyer.

"We had come a long way. The anti-torture struggle in Turkey was important. But torture is like a contagious disease. Once it starts it will spread. It is painful to see the reversal taking place now." - Lawyer involved in anti-torture cases in Turkey who was detained together with people he believed were being tortured

Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ) European Association of Judges (EAJ), Judges for Judges, Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés (MEDEL)The Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey, which is composed of the four European judges associations: Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ), European Association of Judges (EAJ), Judges for Judges, Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés(MEDEL).

CONSIDERING that Turkey had suffered a terrible attack against its democratic institutions on 15.7.2016 which killed almost three hundreds of its people and left much more seriously wounded, an event which has to be strongly condemned

ENCJThe ENCJ reiterates its unreserved condemnation of the recent attempted coup in Turkey. The loss of life incurred in this attack on a democratically elected government is inexcusable. Those responsible should be made accountable through an open, fair and impartial judicial process conforming with international standards.

The ENCJ has expressed its concern, both before and after the attempted coup, that the approach of the High Council for Judges and Prosecutors to the transfer, suspension, removal and prosecution of judges has not been consistent with the principles of judicial independence. The ENCJ has received persuasive information that these procedures have taken place without respecting the principles referred to above.

Scuola Superiore della Magistratura (Photo: www.scuolamagistratura.it)Dear Miss Seda Arslan, the Scuola Superiore della Magistratura (hereinafter SSM) has received the invitation sent by the Turkish Judicial Academy for the participation in the "workshop program of Comparative Law Studies on Judicial Training" planned for the second half of November in Turkey.

The SSM board of Directors, in its meeting held on 6 September 2016, has unanimously decided to reject the invitation.

MEDEL SMMP MPDAccording to most recent information on Turkish judiciary, 2.847 judges and prosecutors were dismissed following a decision of the Turkish High Council for judges and prosecutor (HSYK) on 24.8.2016.

Such decision appears to have been adopted:

- Without hearings of judges and prosecutors subject to the procedure;
- Without right of defence;
- Without individual assessment;

Letter to the High Judicial Council of Turkey by the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in TurkeyLetter sent today to the High Judicial Council of Turkey by the Platform for an Independent Judiciary in Turkey:

Honorable President, The international associations of  judges, united in this platform, have learnt that the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) is currently dealing with the removal and dismissal of 3500 judges and prosecutors who are suspended and under criminal investigation. A majority of this group is presently detained.

Regarding this difficult, highly sensitive and far-reaching act, the below mentioned  international associations, strongly appeal to the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors that these decisions on the dismissal/removal ofjudges should be in line with international and European standards.

In the light of the fact that irremovability of  judges is an essential element of judicial  independence, these standards provide only for very limited and specific exceptions from this principle to be applied only within the framework of due procedure.

American Bar AssociationAmerican Bar Association,
Massachusetts Bar Association
Report to The House of Delegates
Adopted as Revised

Resolution

RESOLVED, That the American Bar Association, which supports the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession and opposes any Nation’s state’s detention of individuals without charge or access to counsel, calls upon the Government of the Republic of Turkey to:

Ein junger Mann schaut auf ein auf eine Fahne aufgedrucktes Porträt des türk Präsidenten ErdoganViele der entlassenen und verhafteten Richter und Staatsanwälte sind bei ihren deutschen Kollegen bekannt: Kaum vorstellbar, dass sie alle der Gülen-Bewegung angehören.

Der Deutsche Richterbund, die größte Vereinigung von Richtern und Staatsanwälten hierzulande, hat einen Brief an die Bundeskanzlerin geschrieben: Viele der entlassenen und verhafteten Kollegen seien bei deutschen Richtern bekannt. Es stünde außer Zweifel, dass gerade die Mitglieder der türkischen Richtervereinigung mit dem Namen „Yarsav“  integer seien und sich für den Rechtsstaat engagieren. Yarsav und ihren Mitgliedern Sympathien für die Putschisten oder die Gülen-Bewegung vorzuwerfen, sei nicht nachzuvollziehen.

Le MondePar Robert Badinter, Virginie Duval, Clarisse Taron, Christophe Régnard et Simone Gaboriau.

Qu’on ne s’y trompe pas : la purge de l’institution judiciaire, de la fonction publique et des médias par le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan n’est pas une réponse à la tentative de coup d’Etat. Il ne s’agit pas de sauvegarder l’Etat de droit, comme on a pu le dire au lendemain du 15 juillet 2016. La lame de fond autoritaire qui sape les fondements des institutions depuis 2013 traduit la volonté du président turc de museler toute opposition. Les récentes révocations en cascade et les arrestations arbitraires s’inscrivent dans la dynamique de neutralisation des contre-pouvoirs à l’œuvre depuis plusieurs années.

Platform for an Independent Judiciary in TurkeyThe extraordinary situation of violation of the independence of the judiciary in Turkey has induced all four European Associations of Judges to join together in their activities:

• The Association of European Administrative Judges (AEAJ),
• The European Association of Judges (EAJ),
•  Judges for Judges and
•  “Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés” (MEDEL)

Statement by the Union of Judges of the Czech Republic on the removal of judges in TurkeyThe independence of the judiciary is one of the fundamental values of a democratic state and one constituent element of this is the possibility of removing a judge only for the reasons laid down by law within a due process. A state which consciously casts doubt on or infringes the independence of the judiciary deviates from the principles of democracy.

The immediate removal of almost 3,000 judges in Turkey and the imprisonment of some raises fundamental doubts as to adherence to the principle of the independence of the judiciary embedded in UN General Assembly Resolution 90/32 of 29 November 1985 and 40/146 of 13 December 1985, in Council of Europe Recommendation 7/1981, 86/1984, 12/1996 and others, in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as amended by Protocols Nos 3, 5, 8 (Article 6(1)) and in the International Pact on Civil and Political Rights (Article 14).

A.D.M.I.A.D.M.I. Associazione Donne Magistrato Italiane esprime dolore per l’inaccettabile situazione in atto in Turchia ove, in una sola notte, sono stati sospesi ‘senza processo’ n.2749 magistrati, un numero che è pari ad un quarto della magistratura turca e molti dei quali anche incarcerati, come peraltro avvenuto anche per tanti avvocati, docenti e funzionari statali.

La situazione con il passare dei giorni non sembra mutare, nonostante il susseguirsi di appelli da tutta Europa e dal mondo, al contrario si susseguono notizie sempre più gravi, tra cui quella della confisca dei beni dei magistrati sospesi e dell'imbavagliamento della stampa, tanto che la Turchia appare oggi ben lontana dai valori di civiltà giuridica europea. La situazione in atto, infatti, è incompatibile con le regole dello Stato di diritto e delle libertà fondamentali e lo è pur la Turchia facendo parte del Consiglio d'Europa ed avendo -tra le altre- sottoscritto la Convenzione dei Diritti dell'Uomo, di cui costituisce certo grave violazione l’avvenuta lesione della indipendenza ed autonomia dei giudici.

Network of the Presidents of the Supreme Judicial Courts of the European UnionThe Network of the Presidents is deeply concerned arising from reports of the recent removal from office of over 2,700 members of the Judiciary and prosecutors in Turkey, and of orders for the arrest of many Judges and Prosecutors.

Immediately following the attempted coup the Turkish Republic has suspended, dismissed and/or arrested thousands of people, including many Judges. Among those are judges of the Council of State and the Court of Cassation of Turkey. The number of citizens involved, and the announcement by the President of the Republic of Turkey of the possible restoration of the death penalty, also raise serious concerns.

Der BundesgerichtshofDas Netzwerk der Präsidentinnen und Präsidenten der Obersten Gerichtshöfe der Europäischen Union, dem auch die Präsidentin des Bundesgerichtshofs angehört, hat heute eine Stellungnahme zur Situation in der Türkei abgegeben, in der es seine tiefe Besorgnis über die dortigen Geschehnisse zum Ausdruck bringt.

Das Netzwerk sieht die aktuellen Ereignisse, insbesondere die Entlassung und Verhaftung Tausender Richter, als Angriff auf die Unabhängigkeit der Justiz und Bedrohung für den Rechtsstaat in einem Mitgliedsland des Europarates. Es ruft auf zur Beachtung der Rechtsstaatlichkeit und der Menschenrechte und fordert auf zur Anwendung bestehender Monitoring-Instrumente zur Wahrung der Menschenrechte sowohl auf der Ebene des Europarates als auch der Vereinten Nationen.

Joint declaration of the judges' and prosecutors' associations of SerbiaIt is with great concern that Judges’ Association of Serbia and Association of Public Prosecutors and Deputy Public Prosecutors of Serbia follow the situation of their Turkish colleagues, judges and public prosecutors, after the attempted military coup in Turkey.

The Turkish judiciary has, in recent years, faced numerous challenges, as international professional associations MEDEL and IAJ/EAJ, as well as Consultative Council of European Judges, warned in their numerous addresses to the European institutions, though, unfortunately, in vain. Judges and public prosecutors in Turkey, who performed their functions conscientiously and equally towards everyone, endured  pressures  and  threats, were exposed against their will to transfers  (9.000 of them, out of the total of 15.000 in Turkey, during the period of less than two years, were reallocated) to locations several thousands of kilometres away, were also subjected to unjustifiable dismissals  and,  since 2014, even to arrests.

Commisioner for Human Rights Nils MuižnieksIt is with profound concern that I examined the first decree with the force of law (“Kanun Hükmünde Kararname”, KHK/667) adopted within the framework of the state of emergency declared in Turkey last week.

I note that Turkey has submitted a formal notice of derogation to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) as foreseen under Article 15 of the Convention. As I expressed in a statement last week, I have no sympathy for the coup plotters. I think that those who actively plotted to overthrow democracy must be punished. I am also not putting into question Turkey’s right to declare a state of emergency, nor to derogate from the ECHR. But I must stress that, as recalled by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, such derogations are not limitless: the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) remains the ultimate authority to determine whether measures taken during the state of emergency are in conformity with the ECHR. One of the criteria used by the Court in this context is whether the measures derogating from the ECHR are taken only to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation.

Le communiqué des organisations françaises de magistrats et d'avocatsArticle 6 de la Convention Européenne des Droits de l'Homme : «Toute personne a droit à ce que sa cause soit entendue équitablement, publiquement et dans un délai raisonnable, par un tribunal indépendant et impartial (...)». Article 16 de la Déclaration des Droits de l'Homme et du Citoyen : « Toute Société dans laquelle la garantie des Droits n'est pas assurée, ni la séparation des Pouvoirs déterminée, n'a point de Constitution».

2 745 juges et procureurs turcs ont été démis de leurs fonctions par le Haut Conseil des Juges et Procureurs (HCJP) le lendemain même de la tentative de coup d’État du 15 juillet 2016. Nombre d'entre eux ont été emprisonnés de manière arbitraire avec leur famille. Aucune explication ne leur a été fournie sur les raisons de cette éviction et aucun droit de se défendre ne leur a même été reconnu.

IALANAIn February 2016 the Turkish Constitutional Court revoked the pre-trial imprisonment imposed upon two journalists who had uncovered support provided by Turkish au- thorities to militant Islamists in Syria. In response, the Turkish President Erdogan threatened the judges: "I don't need to accept [this decision], I want to make thatclear. I don't obey or respect the decision.”i Deeds have now followed these words. The pretext came in the form of the failed coup attempt by parts of the Turkish military in the night from July 15 to July 16, 2016. Since that night, the executive has re- moved almost 3000 judges and state prosecutors from office, with the majority of them also detained. It seems apparent that lists of targets had already been drawn up before the event. The suspensions and repression have been extended to include thousands of journalists, teachers, professors, lawyers and employees in various ed- ucational establishments. Newspapers and radio/TV broadcasters have been shut down or brought into line. Invoking the Turkish constitution and Article 15 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the Turkish government has declared a “state of emergency” in order to free itself from further bothersome constitutional limitations.

IAWJThe International Association of Women Judges (www.iawj.org), representing judges from countries around the world, is committed to judicial independence and impartiality as essential to the Rule of Law. The wholesale termination of judges, with an apparent lack of individualized due process, is a threat to those principles. We urge the Turkish authorities to conform their actions to the dictates of the national Constitution and laws, consistent with international principles of human rights, the United Nations Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary and the Bangalore Principles of Judicial Conduct.

In accordance with these principles, any suspension or removal of a Judge from office should be only for reasons of incapacity or behavior that renders that judge unfit to discharge his or her duties in accordance with established standards of judicial conduct.  Any decisions in disciplinary, suspension or removal proceedings should normally be subject to independent review.

MEDELDear Sir or Madam, MEDEL (Magistrats Européens pour la Démocratie et les Libertés), an organization of European judges and prosecutors created with the main purpose to defend  the independence of the judiciary, democracy and human rights, currently comprises 22 national associations from 15 European countries, including Turkey, and as an observer member of the CCPE, hereby states the following:

The European Network of Councils for the Judiciary (ENCJ) expressed its grave concerns by the reports that over 2700 judges and prosecutors had been suspended and/or dismissed by the High Council for Judges and Prosecutors only hours after the coupd’etatin Turkey had happened. ENCJ also declared that would follow the developments in Turkey and stay in close contact with the relevant European and international authorities.

Turkey military coup (Source amnesty.org Photo: Getty Images)Amnesty International has gathered credible evidence that detainees in Turkey are being subjected to beatings and torture, including rape, in official and unofficial detention centres in the country.
The organization is calling for independent monitors to be given immediate access to detainees in all facilities in the wake of the coup attempt, which include police headquarters, sports centres and courthouses. More than 10,000 people have been detained since the failed coup.

Amnesty International has credible reports that Turkish police in Ankara and Istanbul are holding detainees in stress positions for up to 48 hours, denying them food, water and medical treatment, and verbally abusing and threatening them. In the worst cases some have been subjected to severe beatings and torture, including rape.

Superior Judicial Council of RomaniaPoziţia domnului judecător Mircea Aron, preşedinte al Consiliului Superior al Magistraturii  referitoare la informaţiile vehiculate în spaţiul public privind situaţia judecătorilor şi procurorilor din Turcia

Urmare  a informaţiilor publice vehiculate în spaţiul internaţional de către agenţiile de presă şi diverse organisme şi organizaţii internaţionale, privitoare la acţiunile întreprinse de către autorităţile turce în legătură cu un număr îngrijorător de magistraţi turci, ulterior recentelor evenimente petrecute în Turcia, declarate de  autorităţile Statului Turc ca fiind o tentativă de lovitură de stat

şi

The European Criminal Bar Association (ECBA)The ECBA, whose objects under its constitution include promoting “(...) the administration of justice and human rights under the rule of law within the member states of the Council of Europe and among the peoples of the world” is alarmed by reports that following an attempted coup d’état Turkey is considering the restoration of the death penalty in order to execute the ringleaders of the coup if not others as well.

Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe and a signatory of the European Convention on Human Rights. Consequently Turkey is bound by Protocols 6 and 13 of the E CHR which abolish the death penalty. Any law adopted by the Turkish Parliament to restore the death penalty would automatically infringe these Protocols and in this regard no derogation under Article 15 of the Convention would be available.

MEDELDear President Nils Engstad, We are writing you to call an extraordinary meeting as soon as possible to discuss the suppression of the independence of the judiciary in Turkey, after thousands of judges and prosecutors have been deposed from the bench in the middle of the night and detained without a due process and in clear violation of the basic rule of law principles.

Turkey is a member of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE) and committed itself to respect the recommendation Rec(2010)12 on judges, related to their independence. The representative of Turkey to CCJE must provide answers to the Council about the recent developments in country, where a quarter of the magistrates have been purged as a result of a cleansing operation conducted by the Turkish government.

MEDELDear President Cédric VISART DE BOCARME, We are writing you to call an extraordinary meeting as soon as possible to discuss the suppression of the independence of the judiciary in Turkey, after thousands of judges and prosecutors have been deposed from the bench in the middle of the night and detained without a due process and in clear violation of the basic rule of law principles.

Turkey is a member of the Consultative Council of  European Prosecutors (CCPE) and committed itself to respect the recommendation Rec(2000)19, on the role of public prosecution in the criminal justice system. The representative of Turkey to CCPE must provide answers to the Council about the recent developments in country, where a quarter of the magistrates have been purged as a result of a cleansing operation conducted by the Turkish government.

Turkey coup Photo: Shutterstock (Source: coe.int)In my capacity as President of the Conference of INGOs of the Council of Europe, I am concerned about the situation of civil society in Turkey.  Following the failed coup attempt, condemned by the Council of Europe, and the declared state of emergency, the Turkish government has now announced its intention to temporarily suspend parts of the European Convention on Human Rights.

If, according to the statement of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the state of emergency aims to strengthen democracy, rule of law and fundamental freedoms[1], Turkey must continue to guarantee the rights enshrined in those articles of which can be no derogation, notably the right to life and the prohibition of torture. 

Polish Judges Association "IUSTITIA"Polish Judges Association "IUSTITIA" with a great concern notes the information coming from Turkey about dismissal more than 2,000 judges and prosecutors and detention a few hundreds of them. These actions raise serious concern about further democratic order in Turkey. There is no indication as to have a real connection with a failed coup.

Changes in the law, adopted in the months, prior to these events weakened the independence of the judiciary and the independence of the Turkish judges .Detention those among them who were protesting against the changes raises serious suspicions about the political background of the current action.

Supreme Judicial Council of BulgariaВисшият съдебен съвет на Република България изразява своята загриженост за спазване правата на над 2 700 турски съдии и прокурори, които по публични данни са били отстранени от работа, освободени от длъжност или арестувани непосредствено след неуспешния опит за преврат в Република Турция.

Като организация, членуваща в Европейската мрежа на съдебните съвети, споделяме изразения призив както от ЕМСС, така и от други международни съдийски организации, че търсенето на отговорност от лицата, които стоят зад опита за преврат в Република Турция, не трябва да нарушава върховенството на закона и принципите, гарантиращи независимостта на съдиите и прокурорите и правото на справедлив процес спрямо тях.

CCPEThe Bureau of the Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE) has closely followed the dramatic events that occurred in Turkey recently.

A democratically elected authority cannot be reversed by a military coup.  It has been reported, however, that following these events, hundreds of prosecutors were immediately imprisoned. This massive purge of prosecutors is far from the expected democratic attitude of a member state of the Council of Europe.

Proceedings against individuals, including prosecutors, who are suspected of involvement in the attempted coup, must comply strictly with the rule of law, always be respectful of individual fundamental rights in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights and strictly accord with all relevant legal procedures affecting them.

Movimento do Ministério Público DemocráticoThe Movement of the Ministery Public Democratic (MPD), national entity without corporate character and economic purposes, composed of public prosecutors from all over Brazil come express their deepest concern and astonishment at the incident that occurred in Turkey, apparently which violate democratic principles and independence more than 2,700 members of the Public Ministry and the Judiciary in that country.

News that thousands of judges and public prosecutors were authoritatively and without due process suspended from their duties and many of them illegally arrested a few hours after serious events that took place there with the notable loss of many human lives.

MEDELDear Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg,

We are writing you on behalf of multiple organizations of judges and prosecutors from across Europe urging you to demand Turkey to respect the NATO treaty and agreements, and to free the judges and prosecutors who were arrested without due process and in violation of the basic rule of law principles.
 
The Turkish Ambassador to Romania, Osman Koray Ertaş, revealed in an interview that the fault of these magistrates, who were deposed from the bench in the middle of the night and detained, is that they allegedly shared a belief that is not accepted by the government.

Le  Conseil  supérieur  de  la  magistrature  français Le Conseil supérieur de la magistrature français exprime sa vive inquiétude sur la situation en Turquie et le respect de l’État de droit, notamment à l’égard des magistrats.

Le nombre de magistrats suspendus, voire incarcérés, au cours des derniers jours, en dehors de toute procédure conforme aux standards européens et internationaux est particulièrement alarmant.

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